PRI-CANAC Working Group

When Mar 24, 2016
from 01:00 PM to 02:00 PM
Where 302 Pond
Contact Name
Contact Phone 814-863-5407
Add event to calendar vCal


Lauren J. Krivo, Professor and Graduate Program Director, Department of Sociology, Rutgers University


"Inequality in Daily Travel: Race, Gender, and Economic Differences in Routine Mobility


In this paper, we explore patterns of daily travel time as a core activity that connects time and space and that has potentially complex meanings depending on gender, race, and economic status. Much of what is known about travel time centers on the work commute which comprises just one-third of all daily travel. Our work moves beyond considering only the time that is spent commuting toward a broader focus on total daily mobility—the time spent traveling to fulfill all of one’s activities. In doing so, we seek to explore: (1) the extent of differentials in travel time; and (2) how the meaning of the same longer time spent travelling varies based on people’s social positions reflecting greater privileges for some and disadvantages for others.

To do so, we analyze total daily travel time from the 2009 National Household Transportation Study–a nationally representative travel diary study of households in the United States. These data allow us to show how total daily travel time differs in complex ways by gender, economic status, and race separately and in combination. The results provide insights into how inequalities in daily travel accumulate across activities and ultimately over the course of weeks, months and years. They also provide insight into how time and space may be linked with differential opportunities and constraints that produce inequitable burdens and privileges of travel.


Dr. Lauren Krivo is an Affiliated Professor in the Program in Criminal Justice, as well as a Professor of Sociology at Rutgers University.

She earned her Ph.D. in Sociology from The University of Texas at Austin in 1984. Her research seeks to understand the interconnections among societal racialized structures and inequality in social outcomes across racial and ethnic groups in the United States. Her book with Ruth D. Peterson, Divergent Social Worlds: Neighborhood Crime and Racial-Spatial Divide (Russell Sage, 2010) shows that inequalities in crime across neighborhoods of distinct colors are rooted in the extraordinary differentials in community conditions that are core components of the segregated structure of U.S. urban areas. She has published widely on the role of segregation in city and neighborhood crime, as well as contributing to broader academic dialogue on race, ethnicity, crime, and justice through her co-edited volumes The Many Colors of Crime: Inequalities of Race, Ethnicity, and Crime in America with Ruth D. Peterson and John Hagan (NYU Press, 2006), and “Race, Crime, and Justice: Contexts and Complexities” in The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science with Ruth D. Peterson (May 2009).


Krivo is the co-organizer of the Racial Democracy, Crime, and Justice Network (RDCJN) with Ruth D. Peterson. The RDCJN

( is a national network of scholars that seeks to broaden scholarship at the intersection of race, crime, and justice, and to promote the success of junior scholars of color through its Summer Research Institute.