Careers in Sociology

What Can You do with a Degree in Sociology

The field of sociology involves exploring and analyzing issues vital to our personal lives, our communities, our nation, and our world. Graduates with a Bachelor's degree in Sociology can pursue employment in a wide range of areas.

Social and Community Services

Community agencies value employees with backgrounds in fields like sociology to address problems facing certain populations within society. Examples of jobs in this area might include: working in community development agencies, or environmental groups, and social service and nonprofit organizations benefiting juveniles, the elderly, and other special populations. Fund-raising or administration within these areas is also possible.


The correctional system includes programs and institutions for both juveniles and adults. Probation, parole, and halfway houses are among the community-based programs, while prisons, jails and detention centers are typical institutional programs. Employees in the correctional system often directly supervise offenders, while others provide specialized services (such as employment training and education).


Sociology majors often find employment in advertising, marketing and consumer research, insurance, real estate, personnel work, human resources, or sales in the business sector. An understanding of patterns and trends, diversity of clientele, and the ability to see and integrate information is an asset in a business environment.

College Settings

With a Bachelor’s degree in Sociology, recent graduates can be found working in admissions, alumni relations, placement offices, or institutional research centers.

Health Services

The ability to work with people and a focus on stressors within society are useful in rehabilitation counseling or substance abuse programs. A basic understanding of demography and population trends can lead to careers in family planning and health planning.

Public Relations

The writing experience that Sociology majors gain in their major courses can be directly applied to careers in publishing, journalism, and public relations jobs. An understanding of social patterns is also key in this job field.

Government services

Public sector (governmental) jobs are available at the federal, state, and local level.   Government work often includes data analysis so sociology coursework in statistics and research methods is an asset. Jobs with the government may include working in transportation, housing, agriculture, labor, or policy groups.


With a Bachelor's degree in Sociology, graduates can move into teaching positions in elementary and secondary schools with the proper teacher certification.  Some students explore their interest in teaching and gain experience by applying to Teach for America.

Examples of Full-Time Positions by Sector

Research Assistant Research Director Probation Officer Social Caseworker Technical Writer, Insurance Co.
Research Director Statistical Analyst Correctional Service Officer Vocational Counselor Manager, Retail Store
Evaluation Assistant State Trooper Health Facilities Evaluator Program Coordinator, YWCA Management Analyst
Program Analyst Licensing Worker Youth Worker Social Services Director Vice President of Operations
Special Agent, FBI Case Management Coordinator Public Health Analyst Volunteer Coordinator District Sales Manager
Assistant Planner Program Analyst Urban Planner Public Education Coordinator Marketing/Consumer Research
Data Reviewer, Social Security Social Research Assistant Senior Planner, County Govt. Youth Work, Home for Runaways Personnel Management Specialist/Human Resource Manager
Civil Service Test Examiner Parole Agent

Community Analyst

Child Care Worker Insurance Underwriter
Budget Analyst Health Planner Court Paralegal Activities Director, Nursing Home Account Manager
Health Statistician Research Consultant Police Officer Administrator, Social Service Agency Customer Service Representative